The Irish Moiled is one of our most distinctive breeds of cattle native to Ireland and more specifically they are the only surviving domestic livestock native to Northern Ireland.
They are a hornless (polled) breed, red in colour and characteristically marked by a white line or 'finching' on the back and white under parts with red ears and red nose. But they can vary from white with red ears and nose to nearly all red. The face is often roan or flecked.
The name Moile (or Maol) is derived from the Gaelic language and relates to the distinctive dome or mound on top of the head.
They are of medium size (a mature cow can weigh up to 650kg) and are generally easy to handle with a placid docile temperament. Animals are also easily maintained on less acreage and less concentrate than most other cattle breeds.
The Irish Moiled Cow
The Irish Moiled Cow can be relied upon to produce a calf every 12 months if kept in good health and body condition and is running with a bull. Artificial insemination is also successful. They will calve to a continental bull without difficulty and have sufficient milk to do a good job with the cross calf. They will continue to breed satisfactorily until at least ten years of age. Many have continued to 15years and beyond.
Tradition has it that they are "big bellied" to consume and digest large quantities of poorer quality forage which was their traditional diet. They are ready browsers, especially of willow ash and ivy, which makes them ideal in extensive or conservation grazing situations.
In the dairy ,yields of up to 5000 litres are being recorded on these extensive systems. In the suckler herd the cow will "milk off her back" to give the calf the best start in life.
They are sound in hoof and leg and at home on most types of terrain. Moileds grow a thick winter coat and out-
Female calves are either retained within the herd or find a ready market with other breeders of pedigree Irish Moileds.
For more information please read The Breed Standard
The Irish Moiled Bull
Irish Moiled bulls are normally of an excellent temperament making their use in even the smallest herds commonplace. They are extremely hardy and alert in the herd from an early age.
The Moile bull can be used on suckler herds as a ‘maternal sire’ to produce easy kept, milky, nicely marked heifer replacements.
Weight Guideline for Irish Moiled Bulls
The Society are currently collecting data in relation to the weights of Irish Moiled bulls at a certain age. If you are weight recording your young bulls please contact us (with both weight and age) so that a wide spectrum of data can be accumulated.
Minimum weight Target weight
12 months 300 kg 12 months 400kg
18 months 390 kg 18 months 520kg
For more information please check out The Breed Standard